Santa Barbara Rescue Mission
Impact Rating

Santa Barbara Rescue Mission

Top Homelessness Nonprofit

Impact: $10 provides a night of shelter for a person experiencing homelessness.

Homeless Guest Services meets the benchmark for high cost-effectiveness. The nonprofit provides a night of shelter for less than 200% of Fair Market Rent.

Note: The impact of this program may not be representative of the entire operation of Santa Barbara Rescue Mission.

Methodology

Governance: Passes checks

Mission

To provide drug and alcohol recovery programs and homeless guest services

Cause

Homelessness

Rated Program

Homeless Guest Services

Location

Santa Barbara, CA

Website

www.sbrm.org

Donations processed by the nonprofit.

Cause

Homelessness

Rated Program

Homeless Guest Services

Location

Santa Barbara, CA

Website

www.sbrm.org

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Rated Program

Program

Homeless Guest Services

Activities

Santa Barbara Rescue Mission provides people experiencing homelessness with a temporary place to stay.

Program Type

Emergency Shelter

Beneficiaries Served

People experiencing homelessness

Geography

Santa Barbara, CA

Outcomes: Changes in people's lives. They can be caused by a nonprofit.

Costs: The money spent by nonprofits and their partners and beneficiaries.

Impact: The cost to achieve an outcome.

Cost-effectiveness: A judgment as to whether the cost was "worth" the outcome.

Outcomes

Outcome Metric

A night of shelter for a person experiencing homelessness

To calculate impact, we estimate how many outcomes the nonprofit caused.

Data Source

We look for self-reported shelter nights. If we cannot find this information we estimate it using HIC data.

Time Period of Data

Oct. 1, 2016, to Sept. 30, 2017

Ratings are based on data the nonprofit itself collects on its work. We use the most recent year with sufficient data. Typically, this data allows us to calculate direct changes in participants' lives, such as increased income.

Method for Attributing Outcomes

We assume that the provision of shelter by one nonprofit does not diminish the provision of shelter by any other (neighboring) nonprofit. We also assume there is, in general, no slack capacity in the homeless shelter system. In the absence of a given shelter, beneficiaries would not be able to stay at another shelter because other shelters are assumed to have no beds to spare. We therefore set the counterfactual to zero.

We don't know if the observed changes were caused by the nonprofit's program or something else happening at the same time (e.g. a participant got a raise). To determine causation, we take the outcomes we observe and subtract an estimate of the outcomes that would have happened even without the program (i.e. counterfactual outcomes).

Cost

Data Source

Cost data reported by Santa Barbara Rescue Mission and data and assumptions about partner and beneficiary costs.

Cost Calculation

$409,497 program costs + $0 partner costs + $0 beneficiary costs = $409,497 total costs

After estimating the program's outcomes, we need to determine how much it cost to achieve those outcomes. All monetary costs are counted, whether they are borne by a nonprofit service deliverer or by the nonprofit’s public and private partners. In-kind donations, of labor or supplies, are not counted.

Impact

Impact Calculation

$409,497 total costs / 33,569 nights of shelter provided = roughly $10 provides a night of shelter for a person experiencing homelessness.

Numbers may not divide precisely due to rounding and time discounting.

We calculate impact, defined as the change in outcomes attributable to a program divided by the cost to achieve those outcomes.

Rating

Benchmark for Rating

Impact ratings of emergency shelters are based on the cost of providing a night of shelter relative to the Fair Market Rent in that county. Programs receive 5 stars if they are less than 200% the cost of a meal and 4 stars if they are less than 400%. If a nonprofit reports impact but doesn't meet the benchmark for cost-effectiveness, it earns 3 stars.

Determination

The nonprofit provides a night of shelter for less than 200% of Fair Market Rent.

Why We Could Be Wrong

We welcome your suggestions for improving our methodology. Our methodology section includes explanations of how we mitigate these issues.

  • The outcome could oversimplify total impact. Using "a night of shelter” as the metric of analysis may obscure differences in the quality of shelters, such as safety. It also does not capture beneficiaries diverted from entering the shelter system after receiving advice from shelter staff on, say, tenants’ rights.
  • There could be multiple important outcomes not captured in our analysis.
  • Santa Barbara Rescue Mission may be spending additional money in order to serve harder-to-reach and/or particularly valuable populations.
  • In the absence of better data, we assume uniform counterfactual rates for programs, at the risk of masking variation across nonprofits.
  • Our estimates rely on data made public by Santa Barbara Rescue Mission on its website, annual reports, financial statements and Form 990s.
  • We only analyze programs that meet our criteria. As a result, this report may not fully reflect the impact of Santa Barbara Rescue Mission.
  • We do not assess what explains the nonprofit's cost-effectiveness.

We assign a rating to the nonprofit using the rubric:

  • There are indications of governance or financial health issues at the nonprofit.

  • After being given an opportunity, the nonprofit chose not to publish impact information.

    We are not yet issuing this level of star rating.

  • The rated program does not meet our benchmark for cost-effectiveness.

  • The rated program is cost-effective.

  • The rated program is highly cost-effective.

Read More

Nonprofit Comment

Not provided. This may be because we lacked contact information for Santa Barbara Rescue Mission or it chose not to comment. If you are a representative of this nonprofit, contact us to review and comment on your rating.

Before publishing, we ask every nonprofit we can to review our work, offer corrections and provide a comment.


Analysis Details

Analysis conducted by ImpactMatters and published on November 22, 2019.

An ImpactMatters analyst searched the Form 990s, annual reports, audited financials and the website of Santa Barbara Rescue Mission to calculate impact and rate cost-effectiveness. A second analyst conducted quality control.

We welcome corrections. If you are interested in exploring applications of ImpactMatters data, contact us at partnerships@impactmatters.org.

Governance Check

Santa Barbara Rescue Mission passes our governance check.

Conducted a financial audit

Overhead spending is reasonable (<35% of total spending)

Charity Navigator has not issued a fraud or mismanagement advisory

Santa Barbara Rescue Mission itself has not reported any material diversions of assets

Santa Barbara Rescue Mission itself has not reported any excess benefit transactions

Source: Santa Barbara Rescue Mission Form 990 and Charity Navigator

How We Calculate Impact

This rating is based on ImpactMatters analysis of the impact of Homeless Guest Services relative to costs. Impact is the change in the social outcomes of people served by the program, net of the change that would have happened even without the program (the “counterfactual”); divided by cost. Learn more.

For Donors

A guide to our process for analyzing nonprofits and assigning ratings.

For Nonprofits

Learn about best practices for reporting impact for different program types.

For Researchers

Our collected guidelines on how we analyze impact of nonprofit programs.

Rating is a complex exercise and we urge you to read our frequently asked questions for details of how and why we issue these ratings.